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Guide to building a Shell only
Single Garage
page:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9
  10   11   12   13   14   15

Page 14: Glossary of terms

Glossary of terms used in this plan
ACTUAL SIZE: The finished (dressed) size as opposed to the nominal size of a piece of wood.
BARGE BOARD: Exterior visible flat trim board that follows the rake of the roof.
BATTENS: Narrow board used to cover cladding joins or used for decorative purposes.
BATTER BOARDS: Profiles; Horizontal boards attached level to stakes, used to mark out the boundary of a construction and establish the levels and building line.
BEADING: A finishing wood. Fits under the soffit lining and against the cladding.
BEAM: A supporting member.
BIRD'S MOUTH: The notch in a rafter that rests on the top plate of a wall.
BOARD: A piece of sawn, or dressed timber of greater width than thickness. Usually 19 (3/4") to 38 (1 1/2") thick and 75 (3") or more wide.
BOTTOM PLATE: Wall plate, sole plate; The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall
BRACE: To make rigid.
BUILDING LINE: The outline of a building.
CEILING JOIST: A horizontal framing member to which ceiling linings are fixed.
CENTERS: Crs; O.C; Term used for spacing; The measurement of spacing for studs, rafters, and joists in a building from the center of one member to the center of the next.
CLADDING UNDERLAY: A building paper that envelopes the exterior walls or roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress.
CLADDING: The exterior surface of a building.
CLEAT: A short horizontal member that ties opposing rafters together immediately below the ridge board.
CRIPPLE STUD: Short studs placed between the header / lintel and a top plate or between a sill and bottom plate.
CRS: See CENTERS.
DIMENSIONS: Any of the three linear measurements, length, breadth and depth.
DRESSED: Relating to timber; Planed; Smooth; even surface; gauged.
DROP HEIGHT: The distance down from the TOP PLATE to the soffit board.
DWANG: Nogging; A short piece of timber set between two studs, joists, rafters or purlins to keep them rigid.
EAVES LINING: Soffit; The underside board of eaves and rakes.
ELEVATION: Side view of a building.
END RAFTER: Rafter each end of the roof frame.
FASCIA: Exterior horizontal visible flat front trim board that caps the rafter tail ends.
FALL: Of roof; Pitch; The incline angle of a roof surface.
FLASHING: Any piece of material, usually metal or plastic, installed to prevent water from penetrating the structure.
FLUSH: Being even with.
FOOTING: A base (in or on the ground) that will support the structure.
GABLE: The roof ends and walls that form an inverted V.
GALVANIZED: Covered with a protective coating of zinc.
GAUGED: See DRESSED.
HEADER: Lintel; A beam placed perpendicular to wall studs above doors, windows or other openings, to carry the weight of structural loads.
LINTEL: Header; A beam placed perpendicular to wall studs above doors, windows or other openings to carry the weight of structural loads.
LONGITUDINAL: Running the length of the building.
LUMBER: Any of the framing wood.
MEMBER: Piece of timber that is part of a frame or structure.
METAL STRAP: Short lengths of metal strap 25x1 (1/16x1) used to fix members together to resist uplift.
NAIL PLATE: Gang nail plate; Metal plate with rows of sharp points that are hammered into butt-jointed timber to secure the join.
NOGGING: Dwang; A short piece of timber set between two studs, joists, rafters or purlins to keep them rigid.
NOMINAL SIZE: The rough-sawn size of a piece of lumber. Before the lumber is planed or dressed. The nominal size is usually greater than the actual dimension. e.g. 100x50 (2 x 4) actually equals 90x45 (1 1/2" x 3 1/2").
O.C.: On center; (See CENTERS)
ON CENTER (O.C.) Crs, centers. The term used to define the measured spacing between studs, joists, rafters, etc. O.C. measurements are taken from the center of one member to the center of the adjoining member.
PERIMETER: boundary.
PILE: A column-like member supporting the structure from the ground.
PLANE BRACE: A diagonal brace running along the plane of a roof.
PLATE: The top or bottom horizontal framing member of the wall
PLUMB: Vertical; Upright.
PLYWOOD: A piece of wood made of three or more layers of wood veneer laminated together with glue.
POST: see PILE
PROFILES: Batter boards; Horizontal boards attached level to stakes, used to mark out the boundary of a construction and establish the levels and building line.
PURLIN: Timber used to support roofing sheets. Usually fixed on top of rafters.
RAFTER: Parallel members of a roof that support battens/purlins and roofing materials.
RECTANGLE: Four-sided figure with four right angles.
RIBBON PLATE: Ribbon board, soffit board; A horizontal member fixed to the top of the studs and supporting the sprockets.
RIDGE BOARD: Upper-most horizontal framing member on a roof, to which the tops of the rafters are fixed.
ROOFING IRON: Corrugated metal sheet used to clad roof.
ROOF PLANE BRACE: See plane brace.
ROOFING UNDERLAY: A building paper that covers roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress.
ROUGH OPENING: Trim size; The framed-in opening, slightly larger than the actual window/door, that replaces wall studs to support the structure and accommodate a window/door.
SAWN: Rough sawn; Not gauged, planed or dressed.
SIDING: Cladding; Exterior wall cladding.
SILL: Framing member that forms the bottom edge of the window opening.
SLAB: Of concrete; used for garages, and basement floors.
SLOPE: See fall.
SOFFIT: Eaves lining; The underside board of eaves and rakes.
SOFFIT BOARD: Soffit lining. Cladding on the underside of the eaves.
SOLE PLATE: Wall plate, bottom plate; The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall.
SOLE PLATE: wall plate, bottom plate; The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall.
SPIRIT LEVEL: Tool used to ensure surfaces are level or plumb by means of a bubble in a tube of liquid fitted to the level.
SPROCKET: Eaves bearer, soffit bearer; A horizontal member fixed to the end of a rafter and to the ribbon plate.
STRINGLINE: A slightly elastic string stretched between two pegs and used as a guide line. Determines the building line.
STRAP BRACING: Metal strap 25x1 (1/16x1) used to brace roof frames. Two straps diagonally opposed on one plane form one brace. The size and length of the roof determines how many braces are required. Each strap is tightened with tensioners.
STUD: A 100x50 (2x4) vertical framing member used to construct walls.
TIMBER PROFILE: See PROFILES.
TOP PLATE: The top horizontal framing member of the wall.
TRIMMER: Under stud; Framing member that is cut to fit between the bottom PLATE and the HEADER.
UNDERLAY: A building paper that envelops the exterior walls or roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress.
UNDER STUD: TRIMMER;Framing member that is cut to fit between the bottom PLATE and the HEADER.
VERTICAL: See PLUMB.
WALL CLADDING: The exterior surface of a wall.
WALL PLATE: wall plate, sole plate; The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall.
WIRE DOG: D or Z shaped nails spiked at each end. Used to fix members together to resist uplift.


Click on a hyperlink below to go to that page.

CONTENTS
bullet Page 1: Introduction
bullet Page 2: Identifying the parts
bullet Page 3: Flat plan
bullet Page 4: The wall frames
bullet Page 5: The roof
bullet Page 6: Detail
bullet Page 7: The eaves
bullet Page 8: The exterior cladding
bullet Page 9: The roof cladding
bullet Page 10: The angle cuts
bullet Page 11: Bracing and fastening
bullet Page 12: Materials list
bullet Page 13: Cutting list
bullet Page 14: Glossary of terms
bullet Page 15: A guide to building the garage

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