How to build an 8ft x 10ft Storage Shed
Glossary of terms used in this project
ACTUAL SIZE: The finished (dressed, surfaced) size as opposed to the nominal (called) size of a piece of lumber.
BARGE BOARD: (Also Rake Board) Exterior visible flat trim board that follows the rake of the roof.
BATTENS: Narrow board used to cover cladding joins or used for decorative purposes.
BEAM: A supporting member.
BIRD'S MOUTH: The notch in a rafter that rests on the top plate of a wall.
BLOCKING: A short piece of lumber (block of wood) set between two studs, joists, rafters or purlins to keep them rigid.
BOARD: A piece of sawn, or dressed timber of greater width than thickness. Usually 19 (3/4") to 38 (1 1/2") thick and 75 (3") or more wide.
BOTTOM PLATE: Wall plate, sole plate; The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall.
BRACE: To make rigid.
BUILDING WRAP/BUILDERS FELT: A building paper that envelops the exterior walls or roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress.
CASING: The trim around a window or door.
CENTERS: Crs; O.C; Term used for spacing; The measurement of spacing for studs, rafters, and joists in a building from the center of one member to the center of the next.
CLADDING: The exterior surface of a building.
CLEAT: A short horizontal member that ties opposing rafters together immediately below the ridge board.
CORRUGATED: Having alternating ridges and grooves.
CRIPPLE STUD: Short studs placed between the header / lintel and a top plate or between a sill and bottom plate.
CRS: See CENTERS.
DIMENSIONS: Any of the three linear measurements, length, breadth and depth.
DRESSED: Relating to timber; Surfaced; Planed; Smooth; even surface; gauged.
DRIP CAP: A molding placed on the exterior top side of a door or window frame to cause water to drip beyond the outside of the frame.
ELEVATION: Side view of a building.
FASCIA: Exterior horizontal visible flat front trim board that caps the rafter tail ends.
FLASHING: Any piece of material, usually metal or plastic, installed to prevent water from penetrating the structure.
FLUSH: Being even with.
GABLE: The roof ends and walls that form an inverted "V".
GALVANIZED: Steel that is coated with a thin layer of zinc to provide resistance from rust.
GAUGED: See DRESSED.
HEADER: Lintel; A beam placed perpendicular to wall studs above doors, windows or other openings, to carry the weight of structural loads.
HURRICANE TIE: Also called 'rafter tie'. A galvanized metal fastener used to tie rafters to wall frames to help prevent uplift.
LINTEL: Header; A beam placed perpendicular to wall studs above doors, windows or other openings to carry the weight of structural loads.
LONGITUDINAL: Running the length of the building.
LUMBER: Any of the framing wood.
MEMBER: Piece of timber that is part of a frame or structure.
mm: Abbreviation for millimeter which is a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter. 25.4 mm equals one inch.
NAIL PLATE: Gang nail plate; Metal plate with rows of sharp points that are hammered into butt-jointed timber to secure the join.
NOGGING: Blocking; A short piece of timber set between two studs, joists, rafters or purlins to keep them rigid.
NOMINAL SIZE: The called size of a piece of lumber referring to the size before the lumber is surfaced, planed or dressed. The nominal size is usually greater than the actual dimension. e.g. 100mm x 50mm (2" x 4") equals 90mm x 45mm (1 1/2" x 3 1/2") actual size (once dressed).
O.C.: On center; (See CENTERS)
ON CENTER: (O.C.) Crs, centers. The term used to define the measured spacing between studs, joists, rafters, etc. O.C. measurements are taken from the center of one member to the center of the adjoining member.
PARALLEL: Being of equal distance from each other at all points.
PLATE: The top or bottom horizontal framing member of the wall
PLUMB: Vertical; Upright.
PLYWOOD: A piece of wood made of three or more layers of wood veneer laminated together with glue.
PURLIN: Timber used to support roofing sheets. Usually fixed on top of rafters.
RAFTER: Parallel members of a roof that support battens/purlins and roofing materials.
RAKE: Angle of roof.
RAKE BOARD: Exterior visible flat trim board that follows the rake of the roof.
RECTANGLE: Four-sided figure with four right angles.
ROOFING IRON: Corrugated metal sheet used to clad roof.
ROUGH OPENING: Trim size; The framed-in opening, slightly larger than the actual window/door, that replaces wall studs to support the structure and accommodate a window/door.
SAWN: Rough sawn; Not gauged, planed or dressed.
SHANK: The nail not including the head.
SHEATHING: A material used as a backing to cladding.
SIDING: Cladding; Exterior wall covering.
SILL: Framing member that forms the bottom edge of the window opening or external door.
SKID: A solid piece of timber that fits under a building in place of a footings or foundation making the building able to be moved.
SOLE PLATE: wall plate, bottom plate; The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall.
STUD: A 100x50 (2x4) vertical framing member used to construct walls.
SURFACED: See Dressed.
TOENAIL: Join two pieces of wood by driving nails at an angle to the surface of one piece and into the second piece. A nail driven at an angle to fasten one member to another.
TOP PLATE: The top horizontal framing member of the wall.
TRIM: The finish materials in a building, such as narrow boards applied around openings (window trim, door trim) and vertical corner battens.
TRIMMER: Under stud; Framing member that is cut to fit between the bottom PLATE and the HEADER.
UNDERLAY: A building paper that envelops the exterior walls or roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress.
UNDER STUD: TRIMMER; Framing member that is cut to fit between the bottom PLATE and the HEADER.
VERTICAL: See PLUMB.
WALL CLADDING: The exterior surface of a wall.
WALL PLATE: wall plate, sole plate; The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall.
WRAP: A cover or protection such as a building paper that envelops the exterior walls or roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress.