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How to build an 8x7 Tudor-Style Shed

Section 20: Glossary of Terms

Section 20.1. Glossary

Below are the meanings of some of the terms used throughout this project. The words are relevant to the Tudor Shed Project but may not necessarily be relevant to other projects.

Angle nail: Toenail. A nail driven at an angle to the member.
Barge Board: A board covering the projecting rafter (fly rafter) of the gable end. Also called rake board or verge board.
Barge Cap: A board covering the ends of the roof boards and sits flat over the barge board.
Bead: Beading. Thin line of sealant.
Beading: Bead. Thin line of sealant.
Bearer: A sub-floor wood supporting the floor joists.
block: A blocking piece.
blocking: Pieces of wood that run between other members (studs, joists, rafters) to provide support, add strength and/or act as a solid support between panel joins.
Bottom Plate: The bottom horizontal member of a wall frame.
Butt Hinge: A hinge with two rectangular metal plates with screw holes joined by either a pin or rod. This is the most common type of hinge.
Stud: An upright framing member. A wooden vertical wall member to which exterior or interior covering material may be attached. It can be either load-bearing or non-load-bearing.
Cladding: Siding. The exterior surface of a wall. A material used to cover the exterior wall of a building
Common Rafter: A standard or most commonly used parallel member of a roof that supports the roofing boards. It slopes from the ridge to the top wall plate.
Common Joist: A standard or most commonly used horizontal framing member that supports the floor
Cripple Stud: A short stud placed between the window/door head and the top plate or between the sill and bottom plate.
Cross-Cut: A cut across the grain, to cut timber to length.
Ctrs: Centers. (also see O.C.) Term used for spacing; The measurement of spacing for studs, rafters, and joists in a building from the center of one member to the center of the next.
Door/Window Head: A horizontal framing member above the door/window opening.
Door Head: A horizontal framing member above the door opening.
Door Stud: A stud (a vertical framing member) each side of a door opening.
Drip Cap: A horizontal piece of molding that is fixed above the door or window to deflect any water from running inside.
End Stud: The first or last stud (a vertical framing member) in a wall frame.
Face: The widest side of a piece of wood.
Fix: To secure with nails or screws.
Fly Rafter: A projecting rafter of a gable end.
Gable: A roof end and wall that forms an inverted V.
Glass Stop: A molding or strip of wood to cover the edge of a window pane and hold it in.
Hurricane Tie: A fastener used to help make a structure more resistant to high wind
Imperial: Standard. Feet and inch measurements.
Joist: A horizontal framing member that supports the floor.
Kerf: The width of a cut made by a saw.
Member: A piece of wood that is part of a frame.
Metric: Millimeter measurements.
Middle Rail: A middle horizontal support piece of wood.
Muntin: A strip of wood or member separating and holding panes in a window.
Muntin Bar: See Muntin.
Notch: A U-shaped cutout in a member to house another member. A notch has two sides and can be anywhere along the member except the ends (unlike a rebate that is an L-shaped cut-out with one side and is always at an end or side of a member).
O.C.: On Center. (also see Ctrs) Term used for spacing; The measurement of spacing for studs, rafters, and joists in a building from the center of one member to the center of the next.
Off Square: A line across the face of a piece of wood (at right angles to the length) is a square line. A line deviating from the square line is off square. Off-square refers to how many degrees the off square line is in relation to the square line. For example, a line at a 5 degrees angle to the square line, is 5 degrees off square.
Pane: Glass or clear sheet acrylic cut in rectangular shapes for the windows.
Panel: A sheet that forms a distinct flat and rectangular section or component. A transparent panel used to fill a framed section of a window.
Plane: A flat surface extending infinitely in all directions (e.g. horizontal or vertical plane). Any flat, two-dimensional surface.
Plate: The top or bottom horizontal framing member of a wall.
Rafter: A parallel member of a roof that supports the roofing boards. It slopes from the ridge to the top wall plate.

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Rake: The angle of slope of a roof rafter. The slope of the roof at the end of a gable.
Rake Board: See Barge Board.
Rebate: An L-shaped cutout with one side, that is always at an end or side of a member, unlike a notch that is a U-shaped cutout.
Ridge Board: Uppermost horizontal framing member on a roof, to which the tops of the rafters are fixed.
Ridge Cap: Capping along the apex of the roof (right along the top). A galvanized flashing to keep the water out.
Right Angle: An angle of 90 degrees. Example, a horizontal line is at right angles to a vertical line.
Rip: A cut lengthwise along a board that also runs with the grain. (As opposed to cross-cut.)
Roof Boards: Boards used to cover the roof.
Sash: The moving segment of the window, consisting of two side stiles (vertical members), a top rail (horizontal member) and a bottom rail (horizontal member) and muntins.
Sealant: A pliable substance used to seal a surface to prevent passage of a liquid.
Set: How much the teeth are angled out on a circular saw blade.
Sheet: Any broad, thin surface
Sill: A framing member that forms the bottom edge of the window opening.
Stop: The part of the plywood wall panels that overlaps the door and window frame, and protrudes into the door or window area and covers any gaps between the door/window and the surrounding frame. It acts as a stop for the door and also stops the rain getting in.
Stud: A vertical wall framing member.
Sub-Floor: All the floor frame under the floor sheets, including the floor joists and the bearers.
T-hinge: Distinct T-shaped hinge.
Toenail: Angle nail. A nail driven at an angle to the member.
Top Plate: The top horizontal member of a wall frame.
Wall Panel: A plywood sheet or any part of, used for the wall cladding.
Window Head: A framing member that forms the top edge of the window opening.
Window Sash: The moving segment of the window, consisting of two side stiles (vertical members), a top rail (horizontal member) and a bottom rail (horizontal member) and muntins.

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