Wall Framing Page two
3. Placing and fixing the Studs
Lay and To secure with nails or screws. the Studs in place between the Top and Bottom Plates. If the Studs are not straight, lay with the bow upwards.
The length of the A 100×50 (2×4) vertical framing member used to construct walls. should be the required ceiling height less the thickness of the Top and Bottom Plates as well as the thickness of the ceiling lining as well as a bit to play with, say 10mm (3/8″).
4. Placing and fixing the Noggings
Fix the Noggings and Blocks, see Block. in place between the Studs. At least one row of Noggings can help minimize twisting and warping.
5. Placing and fixing the Vertical framing member that is cut to fit between the bottom plate and the header. Studs and Headers
Lay and fix the Trimmer Studs and Headers in place. The A beam placed perpendicular to wall studs above doors, windows or other openings, to carry the weight of structural loads. Also called lintel. is usually two 50 (2″) thick pieces of Any of the framing wood. nailed together to form one 100 (4″) thick piece. The width of the Header depends on the required The horizontal distance between supporting structures..
The width and height of the The finish materials in a building, such as narrow boards applied around openings (window trim, door trim) and vertical corner battens. size (Trim size; The framed-in opening, slightly larger than the actual window/door, that replaces wall studs to support the structure and accommodate a window/door.) should be slightly larger than the actual window or A horizontal framing member above the door/window opening. finished frame size, by at least 10mm (3/8″) .
6. Placing and fixing the Cripple Studs
Just the Cripple Studs to go, which are the short Studs between the Header / Header; A beam placed perpendicular to wall studs above doors, windows or other openings to carry the weight of structural loads. and a The top horizontal framing member of the wall. or between the Framing member that forms the bottom edge of the window opening. and The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall..
The Wall Frame is now ready to be squared and lifted into place. The Wall Frame is square when the Wall Plates are straight and the distance between the opposing diagonals are equal.