- Which Paint, Where?
- Applying the Paint
If you’re painting a large exterior area, a little psychology helps. Identify sections and then prepare and paint one section at a time. That way you How much the teeth are angled out on a circular saw blade. yourself intermediate goals, for instance a wall at a time. One finished wall is really motivating and you’ll feel less daunted by the remaining ones, which look shabby by comparison.
Use ladders with care. Secure extension ladders safely when working at heights. Lean the ladder so that the base is 1 metre from the wall for every 4 metres of height. Tie the ladder securely at the top or bottom to The part of the plywood wall panels that overlaps the door and window frame, and protrudes into the door or window area and covers any gaps between the door/window and the surrounding frame. It acts as a stop for the door and also stops the rain getting in. it slipping.
1. Which Paint, Where?
You have a choice of two paint-types: water based or solvent-based. Water-based paints offer a number of advantages, including easy application, rapid-drying and easy cleaning up after painting. Gloss Acrylic paints are commonly used for weatherboard homes, while Matt Acrylic paints are popular on brick, A powdery type substance made from a mixture of earths materials such as limestone and shale, which is sintered (cause to become solid mass by heating without melting), ground, and mixed with small amounts of calcium sulphate and calcium carbonate. Cement is activated by water and when mixed with gravel and sand, forms concrete. render and A mixture of sand, gravel, water and cement which hardens to a stone like condition when dry. surfaces.
Generally, solvent based enamel paints are to be preferred wherever a tough, hard-wearing, easy-to-wipe-clean surface is required. They take a little extra time to apply but can be well worth the trouble for doors, A horizontal framing member above the door/window opening. frames, windows and other high wear areas.
Take a critical look at your house to see what needs to be done. Look for any defects that might affect the final finish. It’s important to To secure with nails or screws. every fault before you begin or the paint won’t be able to do it’s job properly. There is no point spending time and money on a paint job that will have to be redone because it is starting to flake and look bad.
New bare Timber should be primed first, then cracks and holes filled with an exterior Timber, lumber. The hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees filler, sanded smooth and dusted down.
Brick and cement render should be rubbed down to remove loose sand, and cracks or holes filled with an exterior filler, then sanded, dusted off and undercoated so repairs won’t show through. Bricks and cement surfaces are not perfectly smooth, so smooth sanding may not be required.
Metal gates, gutter and downpipes should be washed with turpentine and coated with an all purpose metal primer.
All peeling paint must be scraped or wire brushed away, then primed. If you’re unsure just how bad the old surface is, try the tape test. Scratch the paint and press on a finger length of masking tape. Then A cut lengthwise along a board that also runs with the grain. (As opposed to cross-cut.) it off. If some of the paint comes off with the tape then the surface should be stripped.
For large areas, use a heat gun to soften the old paint, making it easy to scrape off with a stripping knife. Use a chemical stripper for around windows – where heat might crack the glass.
Next, fill cracks and holes use Selleys Permafill on flat surfaces and Selleys No More Gaps on the two joining surfaces where movement is likely. Sand the filler level with the rest of the surface. Thoroughly sand the whole area to be painted to clear any uneven spots and five the new paint a slightly roughened surface it can stick to, especially if the existing paint is a gloss enamel. Exposed A short nail with a large flat head used for securing roofing felt, plasterboard, sheet metal to wood etc. heads, if they are not galvanised, should be punched below the surface, and the holes filled and sanded smooth to prevent rust stains. Use a sugar soap to remove all grease, dirt and dust.
Rust on metal guttering, downpipes, gates or metal window frames (not aluminum) should be cleaned away with a wire brush and the metal primed with Dulux Rustguard. Gutter leaks should be repaired and sealed with a A type of sealant. A pliable type material used for sealing cracks in window frames, and is used sometimes as a glazing compound. A pliable substance used to seal a surface to prevent passage of a liquid., such as Selleys Roof & Gutter. This will give a long-lasting and weatherproof seal. Think about using a transparent sealant that will be virtually invisible.
3. Apply the Paint
If painting the whole house, start with the The top horizontal board cappingCovering the top ends of the rafters. and under the The part of the roof which extends beyond the exterior side wall. The projecting lower edge of a roof where the gutters are located. The eaves are made up of both the soffit (covering for underside of an overhang) and the fascia (A horizontal trim fixed to the ends of the roof rafters)., followed by the gutters. The walls come next, then the windows, sills and doors and finally the downpipes. In this way, any paint that is dripped onto a wall under a Exterior horizontal visible flat front trim board that caps the rafter tail ends. or gutter will be covered up when you come to paint the wall.
Use a roller, if possible, on flat surfaces as paint will go on much faster this way than with a brush. Paint pads, especially 100mm or 180mm sizes, are an excellent alternative to brushes and rollers on smooth exterior The exterior surface of a building. and weatherboards. After coating about one square metre, even out the paint by lightly rolling across the surface with an almost dry roller. Always work from the unpainted area back into the painted area, maintaining a wet edge to avoid lap marks.
Be sure to prime any new or exposed metal on gutters and downpipes before painting.
For windows, start by cutting in around the glass with a small The moving segment of the window, consisting of two side stiles (vertical members), a top rail (horizontal member) and a bottom rail (horizontal member) and muntins. brush, then use a larger brush for the surrounding frame. Use masking tape along the glass edge to give a clean finish.
Doors are painted from the outside in, doing the moulding first. Paint the edges, then the The widest side of a piece of wood., returning to the edges to lightly feather off any surplus paint with the tip of the brush. You’ll probably be using an enamel here, so it’s better to remove the door completely and paint on trestles.
When to Paint
Always paint in the shade, never in the sun.
Outside painting should only be done in temperatures between 10 and 40 degrees Celsius. In summer, the best way is to follow the sun around your home and paint only on the shady side. A hot sun will dry out the surface too quickly, which may cause the paint to wrinkle.
- Primer or Undercoat
- Paint in the finish and quantity to suit your job
- Paint brushes – a selection of wider and smaller brushes
- Roller frame and roller tray to suit
- Roller covers to suit roller frame and paint finish
- Extension handle for roller frame � Exterior filler (such as Selleys Permafill for cracks and imperfections)
- Flexible sealant (such as Selleys No More Gaps)
- Filling blade (for applying filler)
- Heat gun or chemical paint stripper (for removing old paint)
- Sandpaper (for smoothing surfaces to be painted)
- Drop cloths (to protect driveways, paths, etc)
- Sugar soap, sponge and gloves (for washing down surfaces)
- Flat paddle or ruler
- Masking tape
- Clean up rags for spills and drips
- Turpentine (if using solvent-bases paints