Table of Contents
- 2About the measurements
- 3Materials List
- 4Floor, Roof and Stud layout
- 5Plans - front elevation and roof section
- 6The floor and wall frames
- 7Standing the frames and the and the roof beam
- 8The roof frame and the sheathing
- 9The roof trim and roof cover
- 10The vertical boards and battens
- 11The Door
- 12Installing the door
- 13Nailing and Fastening Information
Nailing and Fastening Information
For the most part of this project galvanized common nails can be used. A common nail has a flattish round head about twice the diameter of the nails shank that is clearly visible after the nail has been driven home. However, If you prefer a finished external wall covering (siding) that does not display any nail heads then a nail such as a ‘brad’ that can be set (punched) in to the wood and covered with putty or filler will need to be used.
Use 90mm (3 1/2″) galvanized nails to construct the floor frame and ‘toenail’ the joists to the skids. Use 60mm (2 1/2″) galvanized nails to fix the plywood floor to the floor frame nailing 150mm (6″) apart along the seams (where the sheets join) and a maximum of 200mm (8″) apart around the perimeter and along all intermediate joists.
Use 90mm (3 1/2″) galvanized nails for all wall and roof framework, 2 nails at each meeting. Most nailing options are obvious. Where possible face nail and end nail. For example, end nail all plates to studs. When it is not possible to ‘end nail’ such as with a row of blocking between studs, then the only option is to toenail.
When the rafters are fixed in position on the sidewall top plates, secure against uplift by nailing a hurricane tie to the bottom of each rafter and the top plate as shown in the drawing. Use eight 38mm (1 1/2) galvanized flathead nails per hurricane tie or special product nails that may come with the purchase of the hurricane ties.
Use 60mm (2 1/2″) galvanized nails. Nail a maximum of 200 (8″) apart along all rafters, purlins and ridge beam.
Use nails suitable for roofing iron. Obtainable from the roofing iron stockist.
Nail the boards to the horizontal blocking with 60mm (2 1/2″) galvanized nails spaced approximately 75mm (3″) apart (including the nail that will be going through the batten).
Use 75mm (3″) galvanized nails. Nail on the center line of the batten, through the gap between the boards and into the blocking.
Trim, Fascia, Rake board
Use 75mm (3″) galvanized nails.