Table of Contents
- 2About the measurements
- 3Materials List
- 4Floor, Roof and Stud layout
- 5Plans - front elevation and roof section
- 6The floor and wall frames
- 7Standing the frames and the and the roof beam
- 8The roof frame and the sheathing
- 9The roof trim and roof cover
- 10The vertical boards and battens
- 11The Door
- 12Installing the door
- 13Nailing and Fastening Information
About the measurements
Any of the three linear measurements, length, breadth and depth. given in this project are in both Millimeter measurements. (Abbreviation for millimeter which is a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter. 25.4 mm equals one inch.) and Standard. Feet and inch measurements. (inches).
The metric measurements are given first followed by the standard measurements in brackets. For example: 100mm x 50mm (2″ x 4″).
The size (width and thickness) of the Timber, lumber. The hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees (Any of the framing wood.) referred to throughout this project is the The rough-sawn size of a piece of lumber. Before the lumber is surfaced, planed or dressed. The nominal size is usually greater than the actual dimension. e.g. 100x50 (2 x 4) actually equals 90x45 (1 1/2" x 3 1/2")..
That is in reference to the size of the lumber before it has been Surfaced; planed; smooth; even surface; gauged. (See Dressed. planed and/or seasoned).
When the wood has been dressed (surfaced, planed, seasoned), it is then the ‘actual size’ or the true size. The The finished (dressed) size as opposed to the nominal size of a piece of wood. of lumber is less than the nominal size.
Chances are you will use dressed (surfaced, planed, or seasoned) framing lumber for this project, which means in effect that the ‘actual size’ will be smaller than the ‘nominal size’.
However, that’s not really going to make a great deal of difference in the overall scheme of things.
Below is a ‘nominal’ versus ‘actual’ chart, listing the wood sizes of the framing lumber used in this project.
|NOMINAL SIZE||ACTUAL SIZE|
|2″ x 4″||1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″|
|2″ x 6″||1 1/2″ x 5 1/2″|
|2″ x 8″||1 1/2″ x 7 1/2″|
|4″ x 4″||3 1/2″ x 3 1/2″|
|NOMINAL SIZE||ACTUAL SIZE|
|100mm x 50mm||90mm x 45mm|
|150mm x 50mm||140mm x 45mm|
|200mm x 50mm||190mm x 45mm|
|100mm x 100mm||90mm x 90mm|
Most Countries that use the Metric system generally call the bigger numeral first, example: 100mm x 50mm (100 millimetres by 50 millimetres). Most Countries that use the Imperial system generally call the smaller numeral first, example: 2″ x 4″ (2 inches by 4 inches).
For rounding-off purposes, the metric sizes in this project are not an exact match to the equivalent imperial sizes.
A structure built using the metric measurements will be approximately 1.6% smaller than the same structure using the imperial (ft and in) measurements. Not really worth worrying about.
The imperial measurements are more suited to North America. The metric measurements are more suited to Australasia and other countries.