Table of Contents
The first step riser and tread
1) Determine an area for the steps
When designing the retaining wall, leave out a section for the step area.
The width of the opening for the steps can be any size up to 2400mm (8ft).
Cut the posts which make up the steps about 200mm (8″) longer than the opening.
Lay the first see PILE (riser) in place behind the retaining wall.
Note: The steps are made out of 100mm x 100mm (4″ x 4″) Pressure treated. Refers to lumber that is treated in such a way that the sealer is forced into the pores of the wood. Refers to lumber pressure sprayed with chemicals to lengthen its life expectancy for outside use or inground applications. posts laid horizontally on firmly shaped ground. The post below the front of each step is called a ‘riser’ and the three posts joined together horizontally at each step is called the ‘tread’ (i.e. the part you put your foot on).
2) Prepare the ground for the first tread
Dig back at least 200mm (8″) behind the first riser so that the ground is level with the top of it.
Dig, pack, and/or fill and tamp until the ground behind the riser is level and firm.
3) Make the first tread
On a flat even surface make up the first tread by nailing three posts together (Toenail. A nail driven at an angle to the member. through one into another). Then place the tread on top of the riser and the level ground behind it.
A short nail with a large flat head used for securing roofing felt, plasterboard, sheet metal to wood etc. the tread to the riser. Angle the nails (toe nail) through the front The widest side of a piece of wood. of the tread into the riser.