Materials and see PILE installation
|Materials to use|
|100×100 (4×4) posts||2400 (8ft) long. Can either be Rough sawn; Not gauged, planed or dressed. (rough) or Surfaced; planed; smooth; even surface; gauged. (smooth). Must be of stock suitable for in ground applications. Posts should not be more than 2400mm (8ft) apart.|
|100×50 (2×4) rails||Can either be sawn (rough) or dressed (smooth). Must be of stock suitable for exterior use. 4800mm (16ft) lengths will The horizontal distance between supporting structures. 3 fence posts.|
|150×25 (1×6) fence boards||Can either be sawn (rough) or dressed (smooth). Must be of stock suitable for exterior use. Fence boards should not touch the ground.|
|100mm (4″) Covered with a protective coating of zinc. nails||To To secure with nails or screws. the rails to the posts|
|60mm (2 1/4″) galvanized flat head nails||To fix the fence boards to the rails|
|A mixture of sand, gravel, water and cement which hardens to a stone like condition when dry.||To concrete the posts into the ground|
Installing the Fence Posts:
(1) Determine the fence line and mark it out with a string line. Continue the string line 600mm (2ft) past each end of the fence line and tie each end to stakes hammered into the ground. Ensure the string line is taut and not touching the ground at any part.
(2) Push two small pegs into the ground marketing the center position of the two end posts.
(3) Next, peg the position of the intermediate posts along the string line, ensuring all pegs are equal distant apart and not exceeding 2400mm (8ft). Offset all pegs 50mm (2″) in from the string line. This is to establish the center of the post, as the posts are 100mm (4″) wide.
(4) Remove the string line and dig the post holes, 250mm (10″) square x 700mm (28″) deep. The pegs mark the Crs; O.C; Term used for spacing; The measurement of spacing for studs, rafters, and joists in a building from the center of one member to the center of the next. of the postholes.
(5) When all holes are dug and cleaned out, replace the string line to its original position, checking the string line is not touching the ground at any part.
(6) Make a mix of concrete in a wheelbarrow at a ratio of 3 gravel, 2 sand and 1 A powdery type substance made from a mixture of earths materials such as limestone and shale, which is sintered (cause to become solid mass by heating without melting), ground, and mixed with small amounts of calcium sulphate and calcium carbonate. Cement is activated by water and when mixed with gravel and sand, forms concrete.. Add clean water and mix to a uniform consistency until wet enough to fill around the posts, yet stiff enough to hold the posts upright without the need of supports or braces. Of course you will need a wind free day. Carefully shovel 100mm (4″) of concrete into the bottom of every hole.
(7) Starting at one end, commence putting the posts in the holes. Using a Vertical; Upright. level against two adjacent sides, check that each post is plumb (Plumb, upright.), and almost, but not quite, touching the string line.
(8) Fill hole with concrete to within 50mm (2″) of ground level. Check again the post is plumb and not quite touching the string line. Because of the depth of the hole, the concrete will support the post without the need for bracing, but not on a very windy day. Continue until all posts are concreted in.
This method saves a lot of time and Any of the framing wood. without the need of bracing each post, check the posts again for plumb (vertical) and that they are not touching (but close to) the string line. Leave until concrete cures.