Table of Contents
Step 1. Familiarize yourself
Skim through all the pages first to get an understanding of the project.
The parts list with part identification number (ID) and individual stock size and length is in the Introduction and Parts List.
Note: All Any of the three linear measurements, length, breadth and depth. are given in both Millimeter measurements. and Standard. Feet and inch measurements.. Measurements are given first in millimeters followed by ft and/or inches in brackets.
Step 2. The Floor
Cut the Floor Frame members consisting of 100×100 (4×4) skids [a], 100×50 (2×4) joists [b] and 100×50 (2×4) end joists [c].
Make up the floor frame on level ground. Refer to the Parts List and floor layout plan for individual Piece of lumber that is part of a frame or structure. lengths and the floor layout. Use 90mm (3 1/2″) Covered with a protective coating of zinc. nails for the floor frame and ‘toenail’ the joists to the skids.
Cover the floor with 18mm (3/4) inch Pressure treated. Refers to lumber that is treated in such a way that the sealer is forced into the pores of the wood. Refers to lumber pressure sprayed with chemicals to lengthen its life expectancy for outside use or inground applications. A piece of wood made of three or more layers of wood veneer laminated together with glue. [e], nailing a maximum of 200mm (8″) apart around the boundary. and along all joists using 60mm (2 1/2″) galvanized nails.
Step 3. The Wall Frames
All the Any of the framing wood. used in the wall frames is 100×50 (2×4) stock however, the The finished (dressed) size as opposed to the nominal size of a piece of wood. of the stock when seasoned and Surfaced; planed; smooth; even surface; gauged. or See Dressed. is more likely to be 90×45 (1 1/2″x 2 1/2). The plans reflect the actual size.
Make up the front, rear and two side wall frames using 90mm (3 1/2″) galvanized nails.
Refer to the front wall plan and the rear and side walls plan for individual member lengths and wall layout.
Tie the opposing Running parallel with the slope of the roof at the gable. top plates [l] together with galvanized Short lengths of metal strap 25×1 (1/16×1) used to fix members together to resist uplift. ties [p] (see fig.1).
Once the frames are made, squared and braced, lift them upright onto the floor and A short nail with a large flat head used for securing roofing felt, plasterboard, sheet metal to wood etc. them together at the corners. Ensure the bottom plates are straight and Being even with. with the outer edge of the floor. Next nail the bottom plates to the floor using 90mm (3 1/2″) galvanized nails. Nail all along the bottom plates except in the A horizontal framing member above the door/window opening. opening. Cut that piece out with a handsaw.
Because the wall frames were made and braced square and the floor is level, the frames will automatically be Vertical; Upright. (Plumb, upright.).
Step 4. The Roof Frame
Cut two rafters [z] to the dimensions as shown in the front and roof plan.
Nail the two rafters [z] together at the top and also at the bottom to the top plates [z] ensuring that the rafters are centralized between the front and rear walls.
Check that the rafters [z] and the raking top plates [l] on both front and rear walls are all Being of equal distance from each other at all points. to one another and then measure, cut and To secure with nails or screws. in place the The horizontal line at the top of opposing sloping sides of a roof running parallel with the building length. Blocks, see Block. [n] between the top of the rafters and the tops of the front and rear walls as shown in the above picture.
Step 5.The Roof A protective covering of boards or plywood applied to the studs or rafters of a building to strengthen it and serve as a foundation for a weatherproof exterior.
Cover the roof area with 12mm (1/2″) plywood so that the plywood is flush with the top of the rafters, the outside edge of the side walls and the outside edge of the front and rear walls. Nail a maximum of 200 (8″) apart along the ridge blocking [n], the rafters [z], the raking top plates [l] and the side wall top plates [g] using 50mm (2″) galvanized nails.