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How to build an 8ft x 10ft Storage Shed

Nailing and Fastening Information

nail and fastening detail from floor to roof

For the most part of this project galvanized common nails can be used. A common nail has a flattish round head about twice the diameter of the nails shank that is clearly visible after the nail has been driven home. However, If you prefer a finished external wall covering (siding) that does not display any nail heads then a nail such as a 'brad' that can be set (punched) in to the wood and covered with putty or filler will need to be used.
The Floor
Use 90mm (3 1/2") galvanized nails to construct the floor frame and 'toenail' the joists to the skids. Use 60mm (2 1/2") galvanized nails to fix the plywood floor to the floor frame nailing 150mm (6") apart along the seams (where the sheets join) and a maximum of 200mm (8") apart around the perimeter and along all intermediate joists.
The Frames
Use 90mm (3 1/2") galvanized nails for all wall and roof framework, 2 nails at each meeting. Most nailing options are obvious. Where possible face nail and end nail. For example, end nail all plates to studs. When it is not possible to 'end nail' such as with a row of blocking between studs, then the only option is to toenail.
The Rafters
When the rafters are fixed in position on the sidewall top plates, secure against uplift by nailing a hurricane tie to the bottom of each rafter and the top plate as shown in the drawing. Use eight 38mm (1 1/2) galvanized flathead nails per hurricane tie or special product nails that may come with the purchase of the hurricane ties.

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Roof Sheathing
Use 60mm (2 1/2") galvanized nails. Nail a maximum of 200 (8") apart along all rafters, purlins and ridge beam.
Roofing iron
Use nails suitable for roofing iron. Obtainable from the roofing iron stockist.
Vertical Boards
Nail the boards to the horizontal blocking with 60mm (2 1/2") galvanized nails spaced approximately 75mm (3") apart (including the nail that will be going through the batten).
Vertical Battens
Use 75mm (3") galvanized nails. Nail on the center line of the batten, through the gap between the boards and into the blocking.
Trim, Fascia, Rake board - Use 75mm (3") galvanized nails.

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