Table of Contents
Instructions: Steps 1 to 3:
Step 1: Familiarize yourself
Familiarize yourself with the plans and instructions and read the “Before building this pergola” notes in the previous page.
Step 2: Location
Determine the location of the A structure with open wood-framed roofs, often latticed and supported by regularly spaced posts or columns, and covered by climbing plants such as vines or roses, shading a walk or passageway. Pergolas are distinguished from “arbors,” which are less extensive in extent and structure.. Mark out the position by placing a peg in the ground at each corner forming a Four-sided figure with four right angles. 3600mm (12ft) long x 1000mm (44″) wide. The pegs also mark the outside corners of the posts.
Step 3: How much the teeth are angled out on a circular saw blade. out
Make a temporary framework structure at each corner consisting of Parallel to the horizon, flat, level. boards (Profiles;Horizontal boards attached level to stakes, used to mark out the boundary of a construction and establish the levels and building line.) attached level to stakes. The batter boards are used to establish the levels and the The outline of a building. (boundary / boundary.) of the pergola.
3a) Cut 8 stakes 600 (2ft) long, out of 50×50 (2×2) stock. Cut a point at one end of each stake so they can be easily hammered into the ground.
3b) Position the stakes as shown in the diagram and hammer them firmly into the ground. The stakes should be at least 600 (2ft) away from the building line to allow room to dig the corner A base (in or on the ground) that will support the structure. holes.
3c) Make a level mark on all eight stakes beginning approx 150 (6″) above ground level, at the corner where the ground is the highest (if the ground is sloping). Use a long straight edge and a carpenters level to transfer the level mark from stake to stake.
3d) Once a level line has been established and marked on all eight stakes, proceed nailing 100×25 (1×4) batter boards to the stakes, so that the top of the batter boards are Being even with. with the level lines marked on the stakes.
3e) Run a taut string line from batter A piece of sawn, or dressed lumber of greater width than thickness. Usually 19mm (3/4") to 38mm (1 1/2") thick and 75mm (3") or more wide. to batter board, passing directly over the pegs and tie the ends to nails hammered half way in to the tops of the batter boards. This will now show the approximate building line and perimeter of the pergola, but more exact measurements are needed.
3d) Check that the distance between the string line at point AA and BB and the distance between DD and CC are equal. If not, make any necessary adjustments by moving the string line along the batter board and adjust the nails accordingly. The distance between AA and CC and the distance between BB and DD, also need to be equal. Make any necessary adjustments.
Once the perimeters are Being of equal distance from each other at all points., the diagonals need to be measured to ensure that the building line is square.
Do this by measuring the distance between AA and DD and the distance between BB and CC (the diagonals). Make any necessary adjustments to ensure the diagonals are equal and if adjustments are required, re-check the parallels again, since altering the diagonals will also change the parallels.
When the building lines are parallel and the diagonals are equal, the building line is then square. You now have a level, square building line to work from.