Table of Contents
Before building this pergola……..
Check with your local Authority to see if any Building permits, permissions or conditions are required.
Check with the utility companies to make sure the area is clear of underground gas, water, electrical lines etc.
Find out the depth of the frost line in your area and if applicable check to see if the footings require any special consideration. Usually the bottom of the footings should be below the frost line to prevent movement.
Note: To see how Tim built this A structure with open wood-framed roofs, often latticed and supported by regularly spaced posts or columns, and covered by climbing plants such as vines or roses, shading a walk or passageway. Pergolas are distinguished from “arbors,” which are less extensive in extent and structure. go comments.
| carpenter’s hammer
| adjustable spanner
builder’s string line
| 12mm (1/2″) drill bit
bucket or hose
A bit about the lumber
The Any of the framing wood. used in this project needs to be suitable for exterior use and the posts need to be suitable for inground application. The local lumber yard will be able to advise you on the most suitable lumber for the job.
The lumber sizes referred to in this project are the nominal sizes. The The rough-sawn size of a piece of lumber. Before the lumber is surfaced, planed or dressed. The nominal size is usually greater than the actual dimension. e.g. 100x50 (2 x 4) actually equals 90x45 (1 1/2" x 3 1/2"). is the size of the lumber before it is Surfaced; planed; smooth; even surface; gauged. or seasoned. This is the size generally referred to when purchasing from the lumber yard. The actual (or dressed) size of the lumber will be less than the nominal size. For example, a piece of 100×50 (2×4) lumber when dressed may be 90×45 (1 1/2″x 3 1/2″) The finished (dressed) size as opposed to the nominal size of a piece of wood.. Please make necessary allowances.
Posts: 100×100 (4×4) – 4 pieces at 3000mm (10ft)
Beams: 200×50 (2×8) – 2 pieces at 4200mm (14ft)
Rafters: 75×50 (2×3) – 8 pieces at 1800mm (6ft). Up size to 100×50 (2×4) or even 150×50 (2×6) if a bulkier look is preferred
Bolts: 12mm (1/2″) Covered with a protective coating of zinc. Are round headed bolts with square shoulders that resist rotation when located or driven into place. They can be called coach bolts or carriage bolts depending on which part of the world you live in. The head end of the bolt does not need a washer, but the other end of the bolt (the nut end) usually does. 120mm (5″) long – 8 of
Nails: 90mm (3 1/2″) galvanized – 1kg (2.5 lb) of
A mixture of sand, gravel, water and cement which hardens to a stone like condition when dry.: As needed
Profiles;Horizontal boards attached level to stakes, used to mark out the boundary of a construction and establish the levels and building line. and stakes: 5 meters (16ft) of 50×50 (2×2) – 8 meters (26ft) of 100×25 (1×4) throw-away low grade Timber, lumber. The hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees.