A wood lattice consists of diagonal or vertical and horizontal strips of wood (laths) cris-crossing to make a grille like pattern.
Lattice is suitable for trellis or as decorative sections in fences, handrails, arbors, pergolas, garden or deck privacy screens, windbreaks etc.
The two most common lattice profiles are diagonal and square. (more explanation below)
Lattice section sizes (panels) can be cut to order by manufacturers or ready made panels can be purchased at most building supply stores. Typical sheet sizes are 600mm (2ft) x 2400mm (8ft) and 1200mm (4ft) x 2400mm (8ft).
Diagonal lattice for outside use is made up of natural decay resistant or treated wood strips (laths) running opposite ways and fixed together with (usually) stainless staples.
The laths can vary in size but mostly range between 6mm (7/32″) thick to 12mm (1/2″) thick and between 12mm (1/2″) wide to 50mm (2″) wide.
The gaps between the laths can also vary greatly in size and usually depends on what the lattice is used for (privacy, windscreen, to support plants, vines etc.).
Gaps can also vary within the same section as shown in fig.2
The structure of square lattice is the same as that of diagonal lattice except the wood strips (laths) run vertical and horizontal rather than diagonal.
The stops are the strips of wood that are used to hold the lattice in place and are fixed to the rails and posts.
25mm x 25mm (1″x1″) square stops are common, but other sizes and shapes can be used.
Stops are an alternative to using grooved U mold ( also called capping or C mold)
U mould (capping)
U mold is a grooved capping that fits around the perimeter of a lattice section or panel and gives a neat picture frame appearance.
The groove in the capping is the same width (or slightly bigger) than the thickness of the lattice.