Table of Contents
A guide to building the A building or enclosure primarily designed to house motor vehicles. It can be either attached to the main house or detached and surrounded by open space.
Note 1: This is not step-by-step instructions on ‘how to build a garage’ but rather a guide explaining the order of things and helpful references. From time to time the Buildeazy website displays and updates help files in the form of step-by-step instructions relevant to Buildeazy plans.
Note 2: Regarding Any of the three linear measurements, length, breadth and depth. and sizes.
The dimensions are in both Millimeter measurements. and standard (ft and ins). All metric references are in millimetres. In all references, the millimetre measurement precedes the standard measurement. The standard measurements are always denoted in parentheses( ). For example: “100×50 (2×4)”. Here, the 100×50 are millimetres, the (2×4) are inches.
Any of the framing wood. sizes generally referred to are nominal sizes and not usually actual sizes. The The rough-sawn size of a piece of lumber. Before the lumber is surfaced, planed or dressed. The nominal size is usually greater than the actual dimension. e.g. 100x50 (2 x 4) actually equals 90x45 (1 1/2" x 3 1/2"). is the rough-sawn size of a piece of lumber, before the lumber is planed or Surfaced; planed; smooth; even surface; gauged.. The nominal size is usually greater than the actual dimension. e.g. 100×50 (2 x 4) actually equals 90×45 (1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″). It is common practice to refer to a piece of 90×45 (1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″) lumber as 100×50 (2 x 4).
1 Building Consent/Permit: Obtain all necessary Local Authority and Building Code approvals.
2 Setting Out: Determine the position of the garage and “set-out” the The outline of a building. using building Batter boards; Horizontal boards attached level to stakes, used to mark out the boundary of a construction and establish the levels and building line..
There is a detailed ‘Help File’ on erecting profiles at here
3 Materials: Have all materials stacked appropriately on site. All LUMBER should be stacked clear of the ground and on an even platform.
4 Foundations: Mark FOOTINGS and dig holes. Pour A mixture of sand, gravel, water and cement which hardens to a stone like condition when dry. around and under POSTS/PILES. The POSTS/PILES can be either cut and placed at the correct height during the pouring of concrete, or placed over-height and cut to the correct height after the concrete has hardened. Take note of when inspections are required by your Local Authority. There is usually a A base (in or on the ground) that will support the structure. and position inspection required before any concrete can be poured.
5 The Frame: Make the garage frame. First the wall frame and then the roof frame including PURLINS. There is a detailed ‘Help File’ on how to make WALL FRAMES at here
6 The outer covering of a building meant to shed water and protect from the effects of weather./Cladding: To secure with nails or screws. the SIDING/CLADDING to the walls (over A building paper that envelops the exterior walls or roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress.)
7 Barge; Exterior horizontal visible flat front trim board that caps the rafter tail ends. and The part of the roof which extends beyond the exterior side wall. The projecting lower edge of a roof where the gutters are located. The eaves are made up of both the soffit (covering for underside of an overhang) and the fascia (A horizontal trim fixed to the ends of the roof rafters).: A short nail with a large flat head used for securing roofing felt, plasterboard, sheet metal to wood etc. the Ribbon board, soffit board;A horizontal member fixed to the top of the studs and supporting the sprockets. to the outside top of the wall against the The exterior surface of a building. at The distance down from the TOP PLATE to the soffit board. (see Glossary). Fix the SPROCKETS to the RIBBON The top or bottom horizontal framing member of the wall. and RAFTERS, fix the Exterior visible flat trim board that follows the rake of the roof. to the PURLINS over the CLADDING at each GABBLE end, fix the The top horizontal board cappingCovering the top ends of the rafters. to the Tool used to ensure surfaces are level or plumb by means of a bubble in a tube of liquid fitted to the level. Ends and Structural member of a roof that supports the roof load and runs from the ridge to the top of the side walls. Ends and then fix the Soffit; The underside board of eaves and rakes. to the underside of the SPROCKETSand RIBBON PLATE.
8 The Roof: Fix the roof (according to manufacturer’s instructions) over UNDERLAY followed by the barge Any piece of material, usually metal or plastic, installed to prevent water from penetrating the structure. and the Flashing that covers or caps the ridge of a roof..
9 A finishing wood. Fits under the soffit lining and against the cladding. and Narrow board used to cover claddingThe exterior surface of a building. joins or used for decorative purposes.: Fix the BEADING to the underside of the EAVES and then fix the vertical BATTENS over every A piece of wood made of three or more layers of wood veneer laminated together with glue. join and at every corner. Other BATTENScan also be fixed intermediately for decorative purposes. You now have a Garage Shell!