Table of Contents
Identifying the parts
|[a] A base (in or on the ground) that will support the structure.|
[b] see PILE/pile
[c] The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall. / Wall plate, sole plate; The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall./sole The top or bottom horizontal framing member of the wall.
[d] A 100×50 (2×4) vertical framing member used to construct walls.
[e] Vertical framing member that is cut to fit between the bottom plate and the header. / TRIMMER; Framing member that is cut to fit between the bottom PLATE and the HEADER.
[f] The top horizontal framing member of the wall.
[g] Nogging; A short piece of timber set between two studs, joists, rafters or purlins to keep them rigid. / Dwang; A short piece of timber set between two studs, joists, rafters or purlins to keep them rigid. / Blocks, see Block.
[h] A beam placed perpendicular to wall studs above doors, windows or other openings, to carry the weight of structural loads. Also called lintel./lintel
|[i] Uppermost horizontal framing member on a roof, to which the tops of the rafters are fixed.|
[j] Structural member of a roof that supports the roof load and runs from the ridge to the top of the side walls.
[k] A horizontal framing member to which ceiling linings are fixed.
[l] A short horizontal member that ties opposing rafters together immediately below the ridge board.
[m] Timber used to support roofing sheets. Usually fixed on top of rafters.
[o] Ribbon board, soffit board;A horizontal member fixed to the top of the studs and supporting the sprockets.
[p] Tool used to ensure surfaces are level or plumb by means of a bubble in a tube of liquid fitted to the level.
[s] Eaves lining; The underside board of eaves and rakes. / Soffit; The underside board of eaves and rakes.
|[t] Metal strap 25×1 (1/16×1) used to brace roof frames. Two straps diagonally opposed on one plane form one brace. The size and length of the roof determines how many braces are required. Each strap is tightened with tensioners.|
[u] ribbon, wire or similar roof A building paper that envelops the exterior walls or roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress. support
[v] roof underlay
[w] Corrugated metal sheet used to clad roof.
[x] The exterior surface of a wall.A building paper that envelopes the exterior walls or roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress.
[y] wall The exterior surface of a building. / The outer covering of a building meant to shed water and protect from the effects of weather.
[ba] Exterior visible flat trim board that follows the rake of the roof. / Exterior visible flat trim board that follows the rake of the roof. Also called barge board or gable fascia.
[fa] The top horizontal board cappingCovering the top ends of the rafters.