Table of Contents
Plans: Identifying the Members
Below is a drawing identifying most parts of the shed. There is a parts description below the drawing and also individual Piece of lumber that is part of a frame or structure. lengths are given in the Parts List in this article.
[a] A solid piece of lumber that fits under a building in place of a footings or foundation making the building able to be moved. [b] One of a series of parallel members used to support the floor. Part of the framing that provides the structure for a floor. [c] A member fastened to the end of the floor joists. The end joist is the board that the rest of the joists are nailed to. Also called rim joist and boundary joist. [e] Floor [f] The bottom horizontal framing member of the wall. [g] The top horizontal framing member of the wall. [h] A 100×50 (2×4) vertical framing member used to construct walls. [i] Vertical framing member that is cut to fit between the bottom plate and the header. [k] Blocks, see Block. [l] A top plate running parallel with the slope of the roof at the gable. [m] A header running parallel with the slope of the roof at the gable. [n] The horizontal line at the top of opposing sloping sides of a roof running parallel with the building length. Blocking [o] A short piece of lumber (block of wood) set between two studs on an angle forming part of a wall frame brace. [p] Short lengths of metal strap 25×1 (1/16×1) used to fix members together to resist uplift. [z] Structural member of a roof that supports the roof load and runs from the ridge to the top of the side walls. [z1] A horizontal member fixed to two opposing rafters to reduce sagging or spreading. [q] A building paper that envelops the exterior walls or roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress. / A building paper that envelops the exterior walls or roof frame prior to the cladding being fixed. Reduces air movement and helps avoid the risk of water ingress. [r] Plumb, upright. A piece of sawn, or dressed lumber of greater width than thickness. Usually 19mm (3/4") to 38mm (1 1/2") thick and 75mm (3") or more wide. [s] Vertical Narrow board used to cover cladding joins. [t] The finish materials in a building, such as narrow boards applied around openings (window trim, door trim) and vertical corner battens. [u] Roof A protective covering of boards or plywood applied to the studs or rafters of a building to strengthen it and serve as a foundation for a weatherproof exterior. [v] Roof Board [w] Flashing that covers or caps the ridge of a roof. [x] Exterior visible flat trim board that follows the rake of the roof. Also called barge board or gable fascia. (Angle of roof. Board) [y] A piece of board that caps the top of the rake board and the ends of the roof boards. [d1] Slat [d2] To make rigid. [d3] A vertical molding attached to one door of a pair (at their meeting edges) thus sealing them when shut. The astragal closes the clearance gap. [d4] The part of the plywood wall panels that overlaps the door and window frame, and protrudes into the door or window area and covers any gaps between the door/window and the surrounding frame. It acts as a stop for the door and also stops the rain getting in. [d5] Hinge