Introduction, the plans and cutting list
This project, as with other Buildeazy projects, is designed with the home handyman or DIYer in mind.
Joints that might require the expertise of a more seasoned woodworker are non-existent. Instead, all joints are secured with bolts and/or screws and maybe a bit of glue. Because of this, the project only requires the most basic of tools to undertake a professional job, but does not lack in strength.
The table is 600mm (24″) wide, 1200mm (48″) long, and is 400mm (16″) high.
The Cutting List
|Item||Description||Quantity and Length|
|a.||Legs: 50mm x 50mm (2 “x 2”)||4 @ 400mm (16″)|
|b.||Top rails: 100mm x 50mm (2″ x 4″)||2 @ 940mm (37″) and 2 @ 400mm (16″)|
|c.||Table top: 20mm (3/4″) board||1 @ 1200mm x 600mm (2ft x 4ft)|
|d.||Corner supports: 100mm x 50mm (2″ x 4″)||4 @ 150mm (6″) long and angled in at 45degrees both ends.|
|e.||Fillets: 25mm x 25mm (1″ x 1″)||2 @ 150mm (6″) and 2 @ 700mm (28″)|
|f.||Coach (carriage) bolts: 6mm (1/4″) thick||4 @ 150mm (6″) and washers and wing-nuts to suite.|
|Screws||Wood screws:||30 @ 40mm (1 1/2″) long and 16 @ 60mm (2 1/2″) long.|
Measurements, wood, and wood sizes
All measurements throughout this project are given in both Metric (mm) and Standard/Imperial inches.
The measurements are given first in millimeters (mm), followed by inches in brackets ( ).
The type of wood is a personal choice but should be of a good grade. Are you going to paint the finished table? Maybe stain and varnish it? Take this into consideration when choosing the type of wood. For the table top, use a piece of 20mm (3/4″) thick MDF (medium density fibre board), custom wood, plywood or similar type of board.
The widths and thicknesses of the wood are common sizes that can be obtained from most building suppliers or lumber stores.
Also, note that the stock sizes (widths and thicknesses) given throughout this project are the sizes before the wood is dressed or surfaced (the nominal size). For example: a piece of 100mm x 50mm (2″ x 4″) wood might actually be 90mm x 45mm (1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″), which is called the actual size.
Below is a ‘nominal’ versus ‘actual’ table, listing the wood sizes used in this project.
|NOMINAL SIZE||ACTUAL SIZE|
|1″ x 1″||3/4″ x 3/4″|
|2″ x 2″||1 1/2″ x 1 1/2″|
|2″ x 4″||1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″|
|NOMINAL SIZE||ACTUAL SIZE|
|25mm x 25mm||20mm x 20mm|
|50mm x 50mm||45mm x 45mm|
|100mm x 50mm||90mm x 45mm|
Fixing the top rails and corner supports
Step 1. Cut the members
- Cut all the members (pieces of wood) to the measurements given in the ‘plans’ and ‘cutting list’ on page one.
Step 2. Fix the top rails to the table top
- Place the table top (c) upside down on an even floor, saw stools or workbench. Position the top rails (b) on the underside of the table top so that they are touching at each corner and also centered on the table top, as shown in the diagram.
- Next, lay the 4 fillets (e) in place against the top rails (b) and the underside of the table top (c).
- Screw through the fillets (e) into the table top (c) and then screw through the fillets (e) into the top rails (b). Sometimes it might be easier to pre-drill the screw holes through the fillets.
Step 3. Fix the corner supports to the top rails
- Lay the 4 corner supports (d) in place in the corners against the top rails (b) and fasten with screws; four to each corner.
Preparing and fixing the legs
Step 4. Chisel an edge off the top of each leg
- With a chisel, take the arris (sharp edge) off one side of each leg (a), beginning about 60mm (2 1/2″) down from the top and continuing up to the top.
- Make the depth of the chisel cut about 10mm (3/8″).
- This is so the bolt-head will be against a flat area of wood rather than an arris.
Step 5. Fix the legs to the top rails
- Clamp the legs to the top rails (b),and drill a hole all the way through each corner support (d) and leg (a).
- Make the holes slightly bigger than the thickness of the bolts.
- Insert the bolts and tighten.
Step 6. The final touches
- Finally paint, stain, varnish or oil the table.