Make a kid’s treehouse

How to build a Tree House with a Slide and Swing-Set

kids playground

PAGE CONTENTS
Introduction and the plans
Making the platform
Laying the deck boards
Attaching the slide
Making the steps
Making the handrail
Making the swing-set

Introduction and the plans

This article explains how to construct a platform or deck around a tree, how to make steps up to it, a safety handrail up the steps and around the platform, and also how to add a slide and swing-set.

This tree house is really a tree platform – a platform built around a tree rather than the traditional type of tree house consisting of a small playhouse built or placed in the tree’s branches.

The tree house was specifically designed for younger kids. Since built, it has had plenty of use from kids three years old and upwards and it’s amazing just how fast the kids seem to hone their climbing skills.

The stairs make it easy for younger kids to get up to the tree house and there is a good handrail around the entire platform.

If you are making a similar type of structure for older and more adventurous kids, then you could probably do away with the steps and incorporate a ladder instead.

Safety note: Young kids should not be left to play on such a structure unsupervised.

Below are the plans and lumber amounts, followed by building instructions on other pages.
Keep in mind that this tree house was designed for a particular patch around a particular tree, and as patches and trees vary, you may also need to vary the plans to suit your tree and surroundings. Therefore, these plans and instructions are intended as a guide only.

The plans

tree house plans

Lumber stock sizes and total amounts

Excluding the swing-set

150×50 (2″x6″) stock for joists and stair treads. 26 meters (85 ft) required.
100×100 (4″4″) stock for posts and sides of slide. 14.5 meters (47 ft) required.
200×50 (2″x8″) stock for stair stringers. 3.6 meters (12 ft) required.
50×50 (2″x2″) stock for balusters. 70 meters (230 ft) required.
75×50 (2″x3″) stock for handrail. 12 meters (40 ft) required.
150×25 (1″x6″) stock for decking. 33.5 meters (110 ft) required.

Making the platform

Step one: The boundary joists

assemble the boundary joists for the tree house

Nail the boundary joists together around the tree.

Use 150mm x 50mm (2″x6″) lumber suitable for exterior use and fix with 100mm (4″) galvanized nails.

Refer to the plans for dimensions.

Step two: Raise the boundary joists

prop up the tree house floor frame

Temporarily prop-up the boundary joists to the required height.

Use any available wood for the props and fasten them to the boundary joists with clamps.

Further support with rope around the tree and joists to prevent sway.

Ensure that the boundary joists are level all the way around.

Step three: The footing holes

place the tree house posts

Dig footing holes directly below each corner.

Make the holes 300mm x 300mm (12″x12″) square and about 600mm (2ft) deep if the ground is medium firm.

Cut the posts to length so that they are flush with the top of the boundary joists and at least 75mm (3″) off the bottom of the hole.

Clamp the posts to the joists and ensure that they are plumb.

Step four: Concrete around the posts

concrete in the tree house posts

Make a mix of concrete in a wheelbarrow at a ratio of 3 gravel, 2 sand and 1 cement. Add clean water and mix to a uniform consistency

Carefully shovel the concrete into each hole.

Fill to within 75mm (3″) of the top of the hole.

Step five: Fix the posts to the boundary joists

fix the tree house posts to the floor frame

When the concrete has cured, drill and bolt the boundary joists to the posts.

Use two 12mm (1/2″) galvanized bolts at each corner.

You can then remove the temporary props.

Step six: The intermediate joists

fit the intermediate joists to the tree house floor

Place and fix the intermediate joists.

Space them so that the deck boards do not have to span more than 400mm (16″) at any point.

Refer to the plans for an example.

Step seven: Block around the tree

block the joists in the tree house floor

Block around the tree branches.

Use any available off-cuts of wood.

The purpose of this step is to give the deck boards a support to attach to close up to the branches.

Step eight: Platform extension

make a jut-out to the tree house floor

Add any (only if needed) additional platform extensions.

The purpose of this particular platform jut-out is to off-set the angle of the slide in order to keep it a safe distance from the fence.

Any such jut-out extensions should have a galvanized metal strap fixed to the top of the joists/blockings to prevent possible downward tilt. See picture.

Step nine: The stair landing

make the landing for the tree house floor

Make the stair landing.

Cantilever the landing from under the platform joists.

Run the landing joists 1500mm (5ft) under the platform joists.

Secure the landing joists to the platform boundary joist with galvanized twist strap or similar. (See the picture as well as the plans for further detail.)

Laying the deck boards

Step ten: The deck boards

fix the floorboards to the tree house floor

Start laying the deck boards.

Begin by nailing the first deck board flush with the front joist and then continue with the rest.

Cut around any branches.

Step eleven: More deck boards

continue fixing the floorboards to the tree house floor

Continue laying the deck boards until finished.

Trim off any excess.

Do the same on the landing.

Attaching the slide

Step twelve: Attach the slide

attach a slide to the tree house floor

Attach the slide.

Most slides that you purchase will come with full installation instructions.

For information about slides and where to purchase them click here.

Making the steps

Step thirteen: Make the step pattern

make a template for the tree house steps

Make a template that you will use to mark out the tread positions on the stair stringers.

Take a piece of cardboard 300mm (12″) square or larger (alternatively you can use any type of board or thin wood).

Cut out a triangular piece from the cardboard as shown in the diagram.

Step fourteen: Mark the steps on the stringers

mark the tree house steps

Lay out the two stringers 200×50 (2×8) flat on a couple of work stools.

Hold the cardboard template with its longest edge flush to one edge of the stringer, approx 300mm (12″) in from one end, and pencil mark around the template. Repeat this action five times on each stringer.

Ensure that one stringer mirrors the other.

Step fifteen: Mark the treads

mark the treads on the stringers for the tree house

To continue marking out for the treads, use a piece of lumber about 600mm (24″) long and the same thickness as the treads, which is approximately 46mm (1 1/2″). This piece of lumber is to be used only for marking and can then be discarded.

Hold this piece of lumber flush on one of the tread pencil lines marked on the stringer.

Mark each side of the 46mm (1 1/2″) thick lumber across the full width of the stringers, as shown in the picture.

Repeat this action to all tread lines, on both stringers

Step sixteen: Cut the stringers to length

lay the stair stringers in position against the tree house

Cut the stringers to length.

Lay them in place to check for length.

Make any necessary adjustments.

Sometimes the bottoms of one or both of the stringers may need to be trimmed if the ground is uneven.

Step seventeen: Notch the stringers

check out the stringers for the tree house

Lay the two stringers back on the work stools.

Notch (check out, rebate) the stringers to house the treads.

Set the blade depth on a circular saw to approximately 12mm (1/2″) and make repeated cuts along and between the tread markings on the stringers.

There is another article on how to make exterior steps here

Step eighteen: Tread housing

chisel out the treehouse stair stringers

Tap and knock over the remaining uncut bits between the tread lines with a hammer.

Then clean out the grooves with a sharp chisel. The more saw cuts that were made, the easier the chiseling.

Step nineteen: Fix the treads

fit the front treads into the rebate in the stringer

Insert the front treads into the rebated grooves.

Remember, each tread is made up of two pieces of 150mm x 50mm (2″x6″) stock.

Hold them in place with little nails angled through the bottom edge of the treads into the stringer.

Step twenty: Fix the stringers to the treads

add the other stringer to the stairs

Place the other stringer on top of the treads mirroring the bottom stringer.

Nail through the stringer into the treads using 100mm (4″) or 90mm (3 1/2″) galvanized nails: 3 nails per tread per side.

Step twenty-one: Add the back treads

fit the rear treads into the stringer groves

Fit the back treads in place.

Tap them along the tread groves until they are about 10mm (3/8″) from the front treads.

Nail through the stringer into the treads using 100mm (4″) or 90mm (3 1/2″) galvanized nails: 3 nails per tread per side.

Step twenty-two: Place the stairs

fit the tree house stairs in place

Fix the steps in place. Nail the top of the stringers to the landing.

Temporarily pack with blocks of wood under the bottom tread until treads are level.

Dig a hole 250x250x250 (10″x10″x10″) under each stringer and fill with concrete. Place a galvanized wire or bracket into the wet concrete against the two stringers.

When the concrete has cured, place a piece of damp course membrane under the stringer and on top of the concrete pad. This prevents moisture from the concrete pad leaching into the lumber.

Making the handrail

Step twenty-three: Mark for the handrail uprights

mark for the handrail on the tree house

Cut the handrail pieces to size and lay them in place on top of the tree house deck.

Work out where the balusters go and mark the positions on both the handrail and the boundary joist.

Ensure that the gap between balusters is not more than 100mm (4″).

Step twenty-four: Fix the balusters to the handrail

make the treehouse handrail

Lay the handrail on a flat work surface.

Nail the top of the balusters to the handrail on the marks.

Use three 75mm (3″) galvanized nails at each meeting. Nail one through the face of the baluster into the handrail and angle nail the other two through the sides of the balusters into the handrail.

Pre-drill the holes in the balusters first.

Step twenty-five: Fix the balusters to the joists

fix the handrail to the tree house

Pick the handrail portion up and temporarily clamp it in position to the boundary joist.

Nail the bottom of the balusters to the boundary joist on the marks.

Use three 75mm (3″) galvanized nails at each meeting. Nail one through the face of the baluster into the joist and angle nail the other two through the sides of the balusters into the joist.

Pre-drill the holes in the balusters.

Step twenty-six: Posts for the slide entry

put in posts

Position two posts, one each side of the slide.

Dig the post into the ground about 500mm (20″).

No concrete is necessary, just ram and compact the soil around the post.

Cut the tops of the posts to the required height and add a header.

Step twenty-seven: The stair handrail

make the handrail down the steps of the treehouse

Use 150×50 (2″x6″) stock for the stair handrail.

That is so the balusters can be fixed to the handrail about 62mm (2-1/2″) from the top, leaving enough free space for hands to be able to slide along the handrail without fingers catching the tops of the balusters.

Make the height of the handrail 1000mm (44″) off the deck around the platform but a little lower up the outer side of the stairs.

Making the swing-set

Step twenty-eight: position the tree end of the beam

place the swing-set beam in between tree branches

Sit one end of the swing-set beam in between two solid branches.

Tie securely with rope.

We used a 125mm x 125mm (5″x5″) beam that was 3300mm (11ft) long. The height of the beam off the ground was 2500mm (100″).

Step twenty-nine: Prop the other end of the beam

prop up the swing-set beam

Prop the other end off the ground 100mm (4″) above level.

This is to allow enough room to position and concrete the posts (A-frame) into the ground.

Step thirty: Make and place the ‘A’ frame for the beam

plan of swing-set end posts

Make up the A-frame which supports the end of the beam.

Work out the overall height of the A-frame (including the part that goes into the ground) and also work out the top angle cuts then make the fame up on the ground.

Fix a temporary brace to the two posts to hold the shape.

When the A-frame is made, determine the position of the footing holes and dig them.

Then stand the A-frame upright in the holes. Use whatever braces and props are necessary to hold the A-frame in the right position and plumb (upright).

Make a mix of concrete in a wheelbarrow at a ratio of 3 gravel, 2 sand and 1 cement. Add clean water and mix to a uniform consistency and carefully shovel the concrete into each hole.

Fill to within 75mm (3″) from the top of the hole.

Step thirty-one: Fix the beam

When the concrete has cured, lower the beam onto the A-frame and fix with galvanized nails, nail straps and nail plates.

Finally, hang your choice of swing(s) from the beam.

swing-set frame swings on a swing-set frame

Author: Les Kenny
Editor: Maree Anderson

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